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Windfarms and Wading Birds

A study of the impacts of wind farms on upland waders suggests the greatest impact of wind farms are during construction rather than their operation.

The paper by Pearce-Higgins, Stephen, Douse & Langston published in the Journal of Ecology studied the impacts of wind farms on upland waders to determine if the breeding densities of upland birds are reduced as a result of the construction and operation of wind farms.

Their research involved collecting long-term monitoring data of a range of upland bird species at 18 wind farm sites in the UK and comparing breeding bird densities and population trends between years before, during and after wind farm construction. These were contrasted with effects at wind farms with paired reference sites acting as controls.

In spite of adverse effects on densities of some species during wind farm construction, the study found little evidence for longer-term population declines in the years thereafter suggesting for the first time that wind farm construction can have greater impacts upon birds than wind farm operation.


Acer Ecology offers a wide range of ornithological and ecological services. Our experienced ecologists can advise you on survey methodology, legal protection, mitigation options and the timing of development works. We are experienced in scoping and carrying out a range of ecology surveys to accompany planning applications for the renewable energy sector.

Wind Turbines, Wildlife and the Environment    Wind Farms and Ecological Surveys

For more information about the Ecology Services, we can offer, call us on 029 2065 0331, contact us on enquiries@acerecology.co.uk or click here for examples of our work.